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Project: CLICO
Country: Cyprus
Size: 9 251 km²


In Cyrpus, average precipitation has fallen by more than 20% in the last four decades and in the summer of 2008 Cyprus started importing water with tankers from Greece. In periods of shortage, water supply in the capital Nicosia can stop for several hours. Although the government has invested significantly in a series of desalination projects, urbanization and tourism growth stress the limited supplies of the southern part of the island.

Such stresses are due to increase in the next decades as the island is located in the south-eastern Mediterranean which according to the IPCC will experience increasingly more severe and frequent droughts in the future, partly due to an expected 30% reduction in annual mean precipitation by the end of the 21st century. Meanwhile, the Northern part of the island counts with considerable water reserves largely used by an inefficient and under-producing agricultural sector. This implies that the island as a whole might be having enough water to satisfy its needs and that investment in improving irrigation in the North could release significant water quantities for the South. Yet since the Turkish invasion of the North in 1974, the two parts have basically carved territory and resources and manage their affairs as if the other part did not exist.

CLICO will be the first research project to combine a hydro-climatic and management analysis of water issues in the island with a socio-political and institutional one to examine possible collaborative options for reducing human security impacts of climate change on both parts of the island. Sectors, areas and parts of the population of the island more exposed and vulnerable to climate change will be identified and human security concerns, within each community and in a context of unification will be outlined together with opportunities for shared management of water resources. The political-institutional treatment of water issues until today will be analysed to get a better insight on the way state institutions and functions could be designed to achieve synergies through a potential shared management of resources.


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